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Amended UL-018 The Elections Act

An active law or treaty that has been amended.
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Motion to Enact

The Elections Act

Sponsored by Die Kronprinzessin, Co-Sponsored by Dawnsland


RECOGNIZING that elections are a key element for any democracy;

CONCERNED that no set in stone regulations currently exist;

BELIEVING that elections ought to be standardised and easily understood;

HEREBY enacts the following as law:


Section 1: Multi-Seat Electoral System

1. All multi-seat elections shall use the Average Placement System, in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the multi-seat election, all the ranks received by each candidate shall be totaled and divided by the number of voters to find each candidate’s “Average Placement”.

3. Nations will be elected if they rank higher than Re-Open Nominations within the available number of seats.

4. If available seats are left and Re-Open Nominations gains a higher average placement than any Nation, a run-off election shall be called for those empty seats with new nominations.

5. Run-off elections shall occur 48 hours after the firs multi-seat t election and shall follow other electoral rules.


Section 2: Single-Seat Electoral System

1. All single seat elections shall use Instant Run-Off Voting (IRV), in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the single-seat election all “1”, or first choice, ballots shall be counted, if a candidate or RON receives a majority of first choice votes the election shall end, with a Nation elected.
a. In the case of RON receiving a majority of first choice votes a run-off election shall be held, occurring 48 hours afterwards in accordance with other electoral rules.

3. If no candidate or RON receives a majority the candidate who received the least amount of first choice votes shall be eliminated, those who voted for this candidate will have their second choice votes be distributed amongst remaining candidates.
a. This process shall repeat for third choice votes, etc. until a candidate or RON receives a majority of votes.
b. If a voter’s second choice candidate has been eliminated when their vote is being distributed their third choice vote shall be distributed instead; this process shall be repeated as many times as necessary.”

4. If a candidate is to be eliminated, and there is a tie between two or more candidates with the fewest number of votes, the candidate with the lowest Borda count shall be eliminated.


Section 3: Electoral Procedures

1. Elections shall last for 6 days, on the final 2 days of the election citizens may cast a single ballot aligned to the system in Section 1 and 2.

2. For the first 2 days of an election the Office of the Chancellor shall release a candidacy form which shall close on the 2nd day. All candidates for the election must fill this form and on the fourth day the Office of the Chancellor shall release the names of all candidates.
a. All valid candidates shall appear on the ballot.
b. If the Chancellors reject a prospective candidate a reason shall be given publicly.

3. Candidates for the election may campaign through it. Campaigns shall be done in appropriate spaces and in appropriate amounts as regulated by the Chancellery.

4. Further regulations regarding elections may be created by the Chancellery, these shall be publicly available, inferior to other laws, have the force of law.


Section 4: By-Elections and Special Elections

1. In the event of a vacancy in the Senate, a by-election shall be held lasting 6 days. For the first 2 days of a by-election the Office of the Chancellor shall release a candidacy form which shall close on the 2nd day, on the 4th day the ballot will open.

2. Through the by-election or special election candidates may campaign.

3. All other electoral procedures, regulations and systems provided for in this act shall be followed.
a. The Chancellery may further regulate by-elections and special elections as provided for in Section 3, 4.


Section 5: Election Reports

1). Following the conclusion of an election, referendum or plebiscite, the Office of the Chancellery shall release a detailed report on the results.

This report shall, among other things, include:
a. The total number of voters, as long as this respects each voter’s privacy.
b. The percentages and votes won by each candidate
c. The average placements of each candidate
d. The results of any runoffs that occurred
 
Last edited:

Law Clerk

Well-known member
Clerk
Original text of the Elections Act unamended
Elku0LO.png



Motion to Enact

The Elections Act

Sponsored by Die Kronprinzessin, Co-Sponsored by Dawnsland


RECOGNIZING that elections are a key element for any democracy;

CONCERNED that no set in stone regulations currently exist;

BELIEVING that elections ought to be standardised and easily understood;

HEREBY enacts the following as law:


Section 1: Electoral System

1. All elections shall use the Average Placement System, in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the election, all the ranks received by each candidate shall be totaled and divided by the number of voters to find each candidate’s “Average Placement”.

3. Nations will be elected if they rank higher than Re-Open Nominations within the available number of seats.

4. If available seats are left and Re-Open Nominations gains a higher average placement than any Nation, a run-off election shall be called for those empty seats with new nominations.

5. Run-off elections shall occur 48 hours after the first election and shall follow other electoral rules.


Section 2: Electoral Procedures

1. Elections shall last for 6 days, on the final 2 days of the election citizens may cast a single ballot aligned to the system in Section 1.

2. For the first 2 days of an election the Office of the Chancellor shall release a candidacy form which shall close on the 2nd day. All candidates for the election must fill this form and on the fourth day the Office of the Chancellor shall release the names of all candidates.
a. All valid candidates shall appear on the ballot.
b. If the Chancellors reject a prospective candidate a reason shall be given publicly.

3. Candidates for the election may campaign through it. Campaigns shall be done in appropriate spaces and in appropriate amounts as regulated by the Chancellery.

4. Further regulations regarding elections may be created by the Chancellery, these shall be publicly available, inferior to other laws, have the force of law.


Section 3: By-Elections and Special Elections

1. In the event of a vacancy in the Senate, a by-election shall be held lasting 6 days. For the first 2 days of a by-election the Office of the Chancellor shall release a candidacy form which shall close on the 2nd day, on the 4th day the ballot will open.

2. Through the by-election or special election candidates may campaign.

3. All other electoral procedures, regulations and systems provided for in this act shall be followed.
a. The Chancellery may further regulate by-elections and special elections as provided for in Section 2, 4.


Section 4: Election Reports

1). Following the conclusion of an election, referendum or plebiscite, the Office of the Chancellery shall release a detailed report on the results.

This report shall, among other things, include:
a. The total number of voters, as long as this respects each voter’s privacy.
b. The percentages and votes won by each candidate
c. The average placements of each candidate
d. The results of any runoffs that occurred
 

Law Clerk

Well-known member
Clerk

Coat_of_Arms_UDS.png


A MOTION

To amend the Elections Act to provide for an Instant Run-Off or Alternative Vote for Single Seat elections including Presidential elections.
Introduced into the Senate of the Union of Democratic States on the 22 of February, 2021, by @Kron
As follows:


RECOGNIZING the desires of the Chancellery,
CONCERNED that this is not possible within current law,
BELIEVING that this ought to corrected,
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly:


Section 1: Definitions and Short Title
1. This Act may be referenced as the "Motion to Amend the Elections Act"


Section 2: Amendments
1. Section 1 “Electoral System” shall be amended to read as follows (Green indicates change):
“Section 1: Multi-Seat Electoral System

1. All multi-seat elections shall use the Average Placement System, in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the multi-seat election, all the ranks received by each candidate shall be totaled and divided by the number of voters to find each candidate’s “Average Placement”.

3. Nations will be elected if they rank higher than Re-Open Nominations within the available number of seats.

4. If available seats are left and Re-Open Nominations gains a higher average placement than any Nation, a run-off election shall be called for those empty seats with new nominations.

5. Run-off elections shall occur 48 hours after the multi-seat election and shall follow other electoral rules.”

2. A new Section shall be added between following Section 1, entitled “Section 2: Single-Seat Electoral System”, Current Section 2-4 shall be renumbered accordingly:
“Section 2: Single-Seat Electoral System

1. All single seat elections shall use Instant Run-Off Voting (IRV), in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the single-seat election all “1”, or first choice, ballots shall be counted, if a candidate or RON receives a majority of first choice votes the election shall end, with a Nation elected.
a. In the case of RON receiving a majority of first choice votes a run-off election shall be held, occurring 48 hours afterwards in accordance with other electoral rules.

3. If no candidate or RON receives a majority the candidate who received the least amount of first choice votes shall be eliminated, those who voted for this candidate will have their second choice votes be distributed amongst remaining candidates.
a. This process shall repeat for third choice votes, etc. until a candidate or RON receives a majority of votes.
b. If a voter’s second choice candidate has been eliminated when their vote is being distributed their third choice vote shall be distributed instead; this process shall be repeated as many times as necessary.”

3. Section 2 “Electoral Procedures” shall be amended to read as follows (Green indicates change):
“Section 3: Electoral Procedures

1. Elections shall last for 6 days, on the final 2 days of the election citizens may cast a single ballot aligned to the system in Section 1 and 2.

2. For the first 2 days of an election the Office of the Chancellor shall release a candidacy form which shall close on the 2nd day. All candidates for the election must fill this form and on the fourth day the Office of the Chancellor shall release the names of all candidates.
a. All valid candidates shall appear on the ballot.
b. If the Chancellors reject a prospective candidate a reason shall be given publicly.

3. Candidates for the election may campaign through it. Campaigns shall be done in appropriate spaces and in appropriate amounts as regulated by the Chancellery.

4. Further regulations regarding elections may be created by the Chancellery, these shall be publicly available, inferior to other laws, an have the force of law.”

4. Section 3 “By-Elections and Special Elections”, Clause 3 shall be amended to read as follows (Green indicates change):
3. All other electoral procedures, regulations and systems provided for in this act shall be followed.
a. The Chancellery may further regulate by-elections and special elections as provided for in Section 2, 4.”
 

Law Clerk

Well-known member
Clerk

Coat_of_Arms_UDS.png


A MOTION

To amend the bill "the Elections Act"
Introduced into the General Assembly of the Union of Democratic States on the 8th of March, 2021, by @Dyl
As follows:


REALIZING the lack of a tiebreaking procedure in single-seat elections,
CONCERNED that this may lead to unclear election outcomes in the future,
RECOGNIZING that this was the result of an oversight and was intended to have been initially included,
BELIEVING that this ought to corrected,
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly:


Section 1: Definitions and Short Title
1. This Act may be referenced as the "Tiebreaker Act"

2. For the purposes of this act:
a. "Borda count" shall be defined as "Candidates receive one point for each last place vote received, two points for each second-to-last place vote received, three points for each third-to-last place vote received, and so on. A candidate's Borda count is equal to their total number of points."
Section 2: Amendments

1. Section 2: "Single-Seat Electoral System" shall be amended to read as follows:
“Section 2: Single-Seat Electoral System

1. All single seat elections shall use Instant Run-Off Voting (IRV), in this system voters will rank each candidate as well as Re-Open Renominations (RON).
a. “1” shall be the highest rank and the lowest rank shall be all candidates in total plus one.

2. At the end of the single-seat election all “1”, or first choice, ballots shall be counted, if a candidate or RON receives a majority of first choice votes the election shall end, with a Nation elected.
a. In the case of RON receiving a majority of first choice votes a run-off election shall be held, occurring 48 hours afterwards in accordance with other electoral rules.

3. If no candidate or RON receives a majority the candidate who received the least amount of first choice votes shall be eliminated, those who voted for this candidate will have their second choice votes be distributed amongst remaining candidates.
a. This process shall repeat for third choice votes, etc. until a candidate or RON receives a majority of votes.
b. If a voter’s second choice candidate has been eliminated when their vote is being distributed their third choice vote shall be distributed instead; this process shall be repeated as many times as necessary.”

4. If a candidate is to be eliminated, and there is a tie between two or more candidates with the fewest number of votes, the candidate with the lowest Borda count shall be eliminated.
 
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