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Repealed The Constitution of the Union of Democratic States (2020)

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The Constitution of the Union of Democratic States
Ratified on the 2nd of February in the year 2020

PREAMBLE

The People of the Union of Democratic States, to withstand the challenges that may confront us, hereby found a republic in which all nations shall be free to express their political beliefs, be treated justly and fairly as guaranteed by an impartial legal system, and be protected by a regional militia that shall serve to safeguard their rights and freedoms, hereby establish this Constitution.

ARTICLE 1 – FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

1. All citizens shall enjoy the right to freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition. Freedom of speech, is defined as the right to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of prosecution. Freedom of the press, is defined as the right to use media to disseminate speech, ideas and opinions without fear of government reprisal or censorship. Freedom to petition, is defined as the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisal. Freedom of assembly, is defined as the right or ability of the people to come together and collectively express, promote, and defend their ideas without fear of harm or prosecution.

2. The right of the People to vote in a confidential ballot shall not be infringed. Ballot information may not be released to any person not directly involved in the administering of elections. The government shall not infringe upon the right of citizens to run and hold office unless for reasons criminal in nature, as specified by law.

3. No resident shall be impeded from the citizenship process unless they have been declared Persona Non Grata or are serving a criminal sentence which includes banishment. No player may have two or more citizen nations in the Union at any one time.

4. All citizens shall enjoy the right to a fair and speedy trial for crimes alleged against them. No citizen shall be subject to trial more than once for the same crime except when new and compelling evidence is discovered. No citizen may be withheld of evidence in favor of their case. No citizen shall be held guilty for an act which did not constitute a criminal offense at the time it was committed.

5. No resident shall be subject to discrimination nor special treatment of any kind by the government.

ARTICLE 2 – THE PEOPLE AND THEIR GOVERNMENT

Section 1: General Provisions

1. The People are defined as all current citizens of the region. Residents are defined as all players who reside within the region. Citizens are defined as residents who have obtained citizenship.

Section 2: Public Offices

1. Only the People may participate as voters in an election.

2. Service in or as a candidate for any public office shall require citizenship.

3. Primary public offices, defined as the President, Vice President, Senator, Chairperson of the General Assembly, and Justice of the Supreme Court, shall be mutually exclusive. The offices of Attorney General and Justice of the Supreme Court shall also be exclusive.

4. No person may hold a public office in which the term lasts four months or more for more than two consecutive terms. No person may hold a public office in which the term lasts fewer than four months for more than three consecutive terms with the exception of Justices of the Supreme Court.

5. After ten days of unannounced inactivity any public office shall be considered vacant. Should an office be vacant, the office shall be filled via an election or appointment as provided for in this constitution

6. If an elected office becomes vacant within 14 days before the next scheduled election no special election or by-election shall be held to fill it.

Section 3: The Forum

1. An offsite forum shall be the seat of the government, containing all official government records and documentation.

2. In the process of proper documentation and archival, grammatical, spelling and formatting edits may be made to allow for standardisation, understanding, or authorial intent. These edits may not be substantial and must receive confirmation from the most senior justice available before they go into effect.

ARTICLE 3 – THE EXECUTIVE

Section 1: The Cabinet

1. The Cabinet is the primary body of the executive branch of government.

2. The Cabinet shall be chaired by the President, managed by the Vice President, and attended by all primary officers of the executive branch of government as determined by the President, including all ministers.

3. The Cabinet shall strive to advise the President on all pertinent matters.

Section 2: The Presidency

1. The power to execute the law on behalf of the People shall be vested in a President.

2. The President is elected alongside their Vice President under a joint ticket, in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of February, June, and October, thereafter the President and Vice President shall be sworn in by the most senior available Justice.

3. The President is the leader of the Executive branch of government, Chair of the Cabinet, Chief Diplomat, Chief Law Enforcer and Prosecutor of Crimes, Chief Immigration Officer, and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.

4. The Vice President shall serve at the pleasure of the President and shall manage the Cabinet. Should the President dismiss the Vice President, or should the position of Vice President become vacant, the President shall nominate a potential Vice President to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a four-fifths majority vote of the Senate. Following confirmation, the potential Vice President shall be sworn in.

5. For reasons not criminal in nature, a motion to remove the President may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be delivered to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, the motion to remove the President shall be in effect.

6. If the office of the President becomes vacant, the Vice President shall succeed the President, and shall be sworn in forthwith.

7. The President may nominate potential Ministers to the Senate.

8. During announced inactivity of the President, the Vice President shall serve as Acting President, with the powers, restrictions, and responsibilities of the Office of the President. The President may issue directives to their Vice President which shall be binding for their service as Acting President. No Acting President may appoint a Vice President nor may an Acting President vote on motions in the General Assembly.

9. The President may, by written directive, delegate portions of their authority to their Vice President.

10. The President may, by written directive, delegate portions of their authority to Ministers, who may further delegate portions of their authority to subordinates. A Minister, and the offices which derive their authority from it shall form a Ministry.

11. The President may not delegate their authority to sign or veto a bill, submit nominees to the senate, or dismiss their direct subordinates including the Vice President and Ministers.

12. The authority, directives, and instructions, of an office are subordinate to those of the office or offices from which their power was derived.

13. The President may issue written directives as to how the law is to be executed.

14. The President shall wholly delegate their prosecutorial duty to an Attorney General who shall act as the Government's chief prosecutor. The Attorney General is the Minister of Justice and is subject to approval by the Senate. The Attorney General shall submit to the President a recommendation evaluating whether to sign or veto every motion which is submitted to them. Except for reasons criminal in nature, no Attorney General may be dismissed during a timely prosecution of the Executive branch or any member of the Executive branch.

15. The President shall process and grant or deny applications for citizenship and diplomatic status according to the law. The President may declare any player not holding citizenship Persona Non Grata. Such declarations may be nullified by a nullification motion passed by a four-fifths majority vote by the Senate, followed by a three-fourths majority vote by the General Assembly.

ARTICLE 4 – THE LEGISLATURE

Section 1: General Provisions

1. Legislative power shall be vested in a legislature which shall consist of a Senate and a General Assembly.

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings and may, by a procedural motion passed by a two thirds majority, discipline or expel a member for violating these rules.

3. All official proceedings of the legislature must be publicly posted, excluding matters of regional security and matters pertaining to the Executive branch of government as suggested by the President and defined by the Speaker.

4. The legislature shall be in session between the fixed Senate elections occurring in the months of January, March, May, July, September and November.

5. Any member of the legislature, in good standing with their house and not serving a criminal sentence may draft, sponsor, introduce, debate and vote on motions in their house.

Section 2: Motions

1. A motion is an instrument of the legislature or of a house thereof which requires, at minimum, a majority vote to exercise authority.

2. An internal motion is a motion which affects solely, or is limited to the proceedings or role of one house.

3. A resolution is an internal motion which governs the procedures of the house and amends or repeals the same.

4. A procedural motion is an internal motion, provided by a statute or resolution, that can enact a specific effect related to a matter of procedure including discipline.

5. A confirmation motion is an internal motion exercised exclusively by the Senate, except in the case of a motion to confirm a Chancellor, which confirms a nominee for a public office, following nomination except in the cases of Presidential succession and Justice re-confirmation.

6. An external motion is a motion which enacts, amends, or repeals a statute or this document, ratifies agreements between the Union and another party, or exercises the authority of the Legislature as a whole.

7. A bill is an external motion which enacts, amends, and/or repeals a statute or this document, or ratifies agreements between the Union and another party.

8. A removal motion is an external motion to remove the President for reasons not criminal in nature or a Chancellor for reasons criminal in nature.

9. A nullification motion is an external motion which nullifies a Persona Non Grata declaration by the President.

Section 3: The Senate

1. The Senate is the upper house of the Legislature.

2. The Senate is composed of five Senators who are elected in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of January, March, May, July, September, and November, thereafter Senators shall be sworn in by the most senior available Justice.

3. A Senator may delegate their authority to a Senate Substitute who shall act on their behalf for a maximum of fifteen days of announced inactivity, afterwhich the seat shall be considered vacant.

4. The Senate shall select, from among their number, a Speaker who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the Senate result in a tie, the Speaker shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Speaker is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions.

5. Upon election, the Speaker shall appoint another member of the Senate to be Deputy Speaker. The Speaker may order the Deputy Speaker to perform any duty of the Speakership. Should the Speaker go on a period of announced inactivity, the Deputy Speaker shall take over the Speaker’s duties as Speaker, while Speaker’s Senate Substitute shall take on their duties as a Senator.

6. Confirmation motions shall be preceded by a hearing of the nominee by the Senate.

7. Any vote of the Senate must be preceded by an appropriate debate period.

Section 4: The General Assembly

1. The General Assembly shall comprise of all citizens except those enrolled in the Senate. As a member of the General Assembly, the President may draft, sponsor, introduce, and debate motions, however, the President is forbidden from voting on motions.

2. The General Assembly shall select, from among their number, a Chairperson who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the People’s Assembly result in a tie, the Chairperson shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Chairperson is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions. Following the Senate election in January, May and September the Chairperson shall be selected by the General Assembly and serve for four months.

3. The Chairperson may delegate their authority to a Deputy Chairperson who shall act on their behalf during announced inactivity.

4. Any vote of the General Assembly shall only be considered binding if a quorum of no less than three votes is met.

5. Any vote of the General Assembly must be preceded by an appropriate debate period.

Section 5: The Legislative Process

1. Following introduction, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the opposite house.

2. Upon delivery to the opposite house, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Should the opposite house be the General Assembly, a two-thirds majority shall be required to approve amendments to the bill. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved with amendments, the bill shall be returned to the house of origin. If approved without amendments, the bill shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.

3. Upon return to the house of origin, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.

4. Upon approval from both houses, a bill shall be presented to the President by the presiding officer of the House which finally approves the bill. If the President approves the bill they shall sign it into law. If the President does not approve the bill they shall veto the bill stating their objections. If the President has neither signed nor vetoed the bill within 5 days following its presentation, it shall become law. Should the legislative session end whilst the President is considering a bill, the bill shall be considered vetoed.

5. Should a Senator choose to contest a veto of the President, a vetoed bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the billand the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the General Assembly.

6. Upon delivery to the General Assembly, a vetoed bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the bill and the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a two-thirds vote of approval. If approved, the veto of the President shall be considered overturned and the bill shall be law.

ARTICLE 5 – THE JUDICIARY

1. Judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court. The Court shall hold legal jurisdiction on all matters, including criminal and civil law as well as the interpretation of all legally enforceable documents.

2. The Supreme Court is composed of three Justices who are nominated by the President and confirmed by way of confirmation motion by the Senate. Justices shall be subject to re-confirmation by way of confirmation motions at the end of the months of April, August, and December.

3. Justices shall select, from among their number, a Chief Justice, who shall serve as the head of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justice shall preside over debate, oversee trials, swear in elected officials, and publish reports. The Chief Justice may delegate their authority to an Associate Justice.

4. The Supreme Court shall rule on cases based upon this document, subsequent law, ratified documents, and evident guiding principles.

5. Whenever a Justice has a personal or political conflict with a particular case, the Justice must recuse themselves from the case. The Chief Justice may force a Justice to recuse themselves. The other Justices, in agreement with each other, may force the Chief Justice to do the same.

6. The Supreme Court shall, following a case, have the power to rule a prior action of government or law as unconstitutional and annul it.

7. If asked by citizens, the Supreme Court may clarify provisions in a law or in the constitution, these shall have no legal effect in themselves; but may be used as justification in legal arguments and in legal decisions.

8. During a case, the overseeing Justice may issue Warrants which shall allow for the collection of private information.

ARTICLE 6 – THE CHANCELLERY

1. The power to maintain the institutions of government on behalf of the People shall be vested in the Office of the Chancellor.

2. By virtue of being the Founder and the first citizen of the region, The Noble Thatcherites shall hold a seat in the Office of the Chancellor, until such a time as his resignation or removal from office.

3. By virtue of being the second longest enrolled citizen of the region, Khevo shall hold a seat in the Office of the Chancellor, until such a time as his resignation or removal from office.

4. A Chancellor may only be removed from office for reasons criminal in nature. Upon conviction by the Supreme Court, a motion to remove a Chancellor may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be given to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, a motion to remove a Chancellor shall be considered in effect.

5. Should a seat in the Office of the Chancellor become vacant, the remaining Chancellor shall nominate a replacement to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a four-fifths majority vote of the Senate. If approved by the Senate, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a three-fourths majority vote of the General Assembly, following an appropriate debate period. Upon approval from both the Senate and the General Assembly, a confirmation motion shall then be subject to a majority vote of approval by the Supreme Court, following an appropriate debate period. Following confirmation, a Chancellor shall be sworn in by the most senior Justice available.

6. The Office of the Chancellor shall be responsible for administering elections pursuant to regional law and appointing the World Assembly Delegate. Following an election, the Office of the Chancellor shall present a report to the People detailing the results of the election. No Chancellor may serve as a candidate in an election that they are administering.

7. The Chancellors may delegate their authority to Deputy Chancellors.

ARTICLE 7 – IMPLEMENTATION, AMENDATION, SUPREMACY, AND ADMINISTRATION

Section 1: Implementation

1. This document shall be considered in effect should a majority vote of the People ratify it.

2. Upon ratification of this document, all public offices, except those established under article VI, shall be considered vacant, and all previous laws, except those ratifying treaties, shall be considered null. Any other unspecified document that was passed and published before the ratification of the Constitution shall equally be considered null and void.

Section 2: Amendation

1. Following introduction in the Senate, a motion to amend or repeal this document or repeal a motion to amend this document shall follow the legislative process, requiring four-fifths majority approval of the Senate and three-fourths majority approval of the General Assembly.

Section 3: Supremacy

1. This Constitution is the supreme legal authority of the Union of Democratic States, no other law shall contravene it.

Section 4: Administration

1. The administrative team exists outside the bounds of regional law and is not to be limited by the same in fulfilling their administrative duties.
 
Last edited:

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Original text of the constitution without amendments:

The Constitution of the Union of Democratic States
Ratified on the 2nd of February in the year 2020

PREAMBLE

The People of the Union of Democratic States, to withstand the challenges that may confront us, hereby found a republic in which all nations shall be free to express their political beliefs, be treated justly and fairly as guaranteed by an impartial legal system, and be protected by a regional militia that shall serve to safeguard their rights and freedoms, hereby establish this Constitution.

ARTICLE 1 – FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

1. All citizens shall enjoy the right to freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition. Freedom of speech, is defined as the right to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of prosecution. Freedom of the press, is defined as the right to use media to disseminate speech, ideas and opinions without fear of government reprisal or censorship. Freedom to petition, is defined as the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisal. Freedom of assembly, is defined as the right or ability of the people to come together and collectively express, promote, and defend their ideas without fear of harm or prosecution.

2. The right of the People to vote in a confidential ballot shall not be infringed. Ballot information may not be released to any person not directly involved in the administering of the ballot. The government shall not infringe upon the right of citizens to run and hold office unless for reasons criminal in nature, as specified by law.

3. No resident shall be impeded from the citizenship process unless they have been declared Persona Non Grata or are serving a criminal sentence which includes banishment. No player may have two or more citizen nations in the Union at any one time.

4. All citizens shall enjoy the right to a fair and speedy trial for crimes alleged against them. No citizen shall be subject to trial more than once for the same crime except when new and compelling evidence is discovered. No citizen may be withheld of evidence in favor of their case. No citizen shall be held guilty for an act which did not constitute a criminal offence at the time it was committed.

5. No resident shall be subject to discrimination nor special treatment of any kind by the government.

ARTICLE 2 – THE PEOPLE AND THEIR GOVERNMENT

Section 1: General Provisions

1. The People are defined as all current citizens of the region. Residents are defined as all players who reside within the region. Citizens are defined as residents who have obtained citizenship.

Section 2: Public Offices

1. Only the People may participate as voters in an election.

2. Service in or as a candidate for any public office shall require citizenship.

3. Primary public offices, defined as the President, Vice President, Attorney General, Senator, Chairperson of the General Assembly, and Justice of the Supreme Court, shall be mutually exclusive.

4. No person may hold a public office in which the term lasts four months or more for more than two consecutive terms. No person may hold a public office in which the term lasts fewer than four months for more than three consecutive terms.

5. After ten days of unannounced inactivity any public office shall be considered vacant, afterwhich an election shall be conducted.

Section 3: The Forum

1. An offsite forum shall be the seat of the government, containing all official government records and documentation.

ARTICLE 3 – THE EXECUTIVE

Section 1: The Cabinet

1. The Cabinet is the primary body of the executive branch of government.

2. The Cabinet shall be chaired by the President, managed by the Vice President, and attended by all primary officers of the executive branch of government as determined by the President, including all ministers.

3. The Cabinet shall strive to advise the President on all pertinent matters.

Section 2: The Presidency

1. The power to execute the law on behalf of the People shall be vested in a President.

2. The President is elected every four months, alongside their Vice President under a joint ticket, in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of February, June, and October, and shall be sworn in on the first day of March, July, and November.

3. The President is the leader of the Executive branch of government, Chair of the Cabinet, Chief Diplomat, Chief Law Enforcer and Prosecutor of Crimes, and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.

4. The Vice President shall serve at the pleasure of the President and shall manage the Cabinet. Should the President dismiss the Vice President, or should the position of Vice President become vacant, the President may appoint a new Vice President.

5. For reasons not criminal in nature, a motion to remove the President may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be given to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, the motion shall require the majority consent of the Supreme Court.

6. If the office of the President becomes vacant, the Vice President shall succeed the President. Anyone assuming the Presidency outside a Presidential election shall be subject to a majority vote of confidence by the Senate. Should the Senate fail to have confidence in the President, a special Presidential election shall be conducted forthwith.

7. The President may create ministries that bear authority over a defined section of regional management pursuant to regional law.

8. The President may nominate potential Ministers to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a majority vote of confirmation.

9. The President may delegate their authority to Ministers who shall administer the role of the executive branch of government either as Ministers with portfolio, who oversee specific Ministries, or as Ministers without portfolio.

10. The President may issue directives as to how the law is to be executed.

11. The President shall wholly delegate their prosecutorial duty to an Attorney General who shall act as the Government's chief prosecutor. The Attorney General is the Minister of Justice and is subject to approval by the Senate. The Attorney General shall submit to the President a recommendation evaluating whether to sign or veto every motion which is submitted to them. Except for reasons criminal in nature, no Attorney General may be dismissed during a timely prosecution of the Executive branch or any member of the Executive branch.

ARTICLE 4 – THE LEGISLATURE

Section 1: General Provisions

1. Legislative power shall be vested in a legislature which shall consist of a Senate and a General Assembly.

2. Each house shall determine the rules of its proceedings and may, by two-thirds majority, expel a member for violating these rules.

3. All official proceedings of the legislature must be publicly posted, excluding matters of regional security and matters pertaining to the Executive branch of government as suggested by the President and defined by the Speaker.

4. The legislature shall be considered in session between the first day of February, April, June, August, October, and December, and the third to last day of January, March, May, July, September, and November

5. Any member of the legislature, in good standing with their house and not serving a criminal sentence may draft, sponsor, introduce, debate and vote on motions in their house.

Section 2: The Senate

1. The Senate is the upper house of the Legislature.

2. The Senate is comprised of five Senators who are elected every two months in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of January, March, May, July, September, and November, and shall be sworn in on the first day of February, April, June, August, October, and December.

3. A Senator may delegate their authority to a Senate Substitute who shall act on their behalf for a maximum of fifteen days of announced inactivity, afterwhich the seat shall be considered vacant.

4. The Senate shall elect, from among their number, a Speaker who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the Senate result in a tie, the Speaker shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Speaker is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions.

5. All motions regarding the approval of nominees for public offices shall be subject to a hearing of the nominee by the Senate. Nominees for public offices shall be subject to a majority vote of approval by the Senate.

6. Any vote of the Senate must be preceded by an appropriate debate period.

Section 3: The General Assembly

1. The General Assembly shall comprise of all citizens except those enrolled in the Senate. As a member of the General Assembly, the President may draft, sponsor, introduce, and debate motions, however, the President is forbidden from voting on motions.

2. The General Assembly shall elect, from among their number, a Chairperson who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the People’s Assembly result in a tie, the Chairperson shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Chairperson is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions. The Chairperson is elected every four months in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of January, May, and September, and shall be sworn in by the most senior Justice available on the first day of February, June, and October.

3. The Chairperson may delegate their authority to a Deputy Chairperson who shall act on their behalf during announced inactivity.

4. Any vote of the General Assembly shall only be considered binding if a quorum of no less than three votes is met.

5. Any vote of the General Assembly must be preceded by an appropriate debate period.

Section 4: The Legislative Process

1. Following introduction, a motion shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the motion shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the motion shall be given to the opposite house.

2. Upon delivery to the opposite house, a motion shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Should the opposite house be the People’s Assembly, a two-thirds majority shall be required to approve amendments to the motion. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the motion shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved with amendments, the motion shall be returned to the house of origin. If approved without amendments, the motion shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.

3. Upon return to the house of origin, a motion shall be granted an appropriate debate period. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the motion shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the motion shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.

4. Upon approval from both houses, a motion shall be presented to the President by the presiding officer of the House which finally approves the motion. If the President approves the motion they shall sign it into law. If the President does not approve the motion they shall veto the motion stating their objections. If the President has neither signed nor vetoed the motion within 5 days following its presentation, it shall be considered law. Should the legislative session end whilst the President is considering a motion, the motion shall be considered vetoed.

5. Should the Senate choose to contest a veto of the President, a vetoed motion shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the motion and the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the motion shall be subject to a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved, the motion shall be delivered to the General Assembly.

6. Upon delivery to the General Assembly, a vetoed motion shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the motion and the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon conclusion of the debate period, the motion shall be subject to a two-thirds vote of approval. If approved, the veto of the President shall be considered overturned and the motion shall become law.

ARTICLE 5 – THE JUDICIARY

1. Judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court.

2. The Supreme Court is comprised of three Justices who are nominated by the President and confirmed by a majority vote of the Senate. Justices shall be subject to a vote of confirmation by the Senate at the end of the months of April, August, and December.

3. Justices shall elect, from among their number, a Chief Justice, who shall serve as the head of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justice shall preside over debate, oversee trials, swear in elected officials, and publish reports. The Chief Justice may delegate their authority to an Associate Justice.

4. Whereas one Justice shall be assigned to oversee a case, the Supreme Court as a whole shall rule on cases. The Supreme Court shall rule on cases based upon this document, subsequent law, ratified documents, and evident guiding principles.

5. Should the Supreme Court find, in the course of its proceedings, that a law is not congruent with this document it may, by majority vote, declare it unconstitutional and therefore null.

ARTICLE 6 – THE CHANCELLERY

1. The power to maintain the institutions of government on behalf of the People shall be vested in the Office of the Chancellor.

2. By virtue of being the Founder and the first citizen of the region, The Noble Thatcherites shall hold a seat in the Office of the Chancellor, until such a time as his resignation or removal from office.

3. By virtue of being the second longest enrolled citizen of the region, Khevo shall hold a seat in the Office of the Chancellor, until such a time as his resignation or removal from office.

4. A Chancellor may only be removed from office for reasons criminal in nature. Upon conviction by the Supreme Court, a motion to remove a Chancellor may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be given to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, a motion to remove a Chancellor shall be considered in effect.

5. Should a seat in the Office of the Chancellor become vacant, the remaining Chancellor shall nominate a replacement to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the nominee shall then be subject to a four-fifths vote of confirmation. If approved by the Senate, the nominee shall then be subject to a three-fourths vote of confirmation by the General Assembly, following an appropriate debate period. Upon confirmation from both the Senate and the General Assembly, a nominee shall then be subject to a majority vote of confirmation by the Supreme Court, following an appropriate debate period. Following confirmation, a Chancellor shall be sworn in by the most senior Justice available.

6. The Office of the Chancellor shall be responsible for administering elections pursuant to regional law and appointing the World Assembly Delegate. Following an election, the Office of the Chancellor shall present a report to the People detailing the results of the election. No Chancellor may serve as a candidate in an election that they are administering.

7. The Chancellors may delegate their authority to Deputy Chancellors.

ARTICLE 7 – IMPLEMENTATION, AMENDATION, SUPREMACY, AND ADMINISTRATION

Section 1: Implementation

1. This document shall be considered in effect should a majority vote of the People ratify it.

2. Upon ratification of this document, all public offices, except those established under article VI, shall be considered vacant, and all previous laws, except those ratifying treaties, shall be considered null. Any other unspecified document that was passed and published before the ratification of the Constitution shall equally be considered null and void.

Section 2: Amendation

1. This constitution may only be amended by a four-fifths majority vote by the Senate, followed by a three-fourths majority vote by the General Assembly. Constitutional Amendments shall follow the legal process following introduction to the Senate.

Section 3: Supremacy

1. This Constitution is the supreme legal authority of the Union of Democratic States, no other law shall contravene it.

Section 4: Administration

1. The administrative team exists outside the bounds of regional law and is not to be limited by the same when fulfilling their administrative duties.
 

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A MOTION
To amend the constitution
Introduced into the Senate of the Union on the 7th of June, 2020, by Thatcher Whitehall and Glaciosia, as follows:

RECOGNIZING the need to clarify and organize the legislative process;

BELIEVING that clarified procedure will ensure the smooth and unambiguous passage of motions;

REALIZING that a distinction should be drawn and defined between internal and external motions;

ACKNOWLEDGING the benefit of a coherent and formalized motion system;

UNDERSTANDING the necessity of minor clarifications to the constitution;

CONVINCED that thoughtfully amending the Constitution necessarily from time to time only serves to strengthen the legal foundation of the Union;

HEREBY amends the Constitution.

Section 1: Provisions

1. Article 3 Section 2 Clause 5 shall be amended to state: “For reasons not criminal in nature, a motion to remove the President may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be delivered to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, the motion to remove the President shall be in effect.”

2. Article 3 Section 2 Clause 6 shall be amended to state: “If the office of the President becomes vacant, the Vice President shall succeed the President. Anyone assuming the Presidency outside a Presidential election shall be subject to a confirmation motion by the Senate. Should the Senate fail to confirm the President, a special Presidential election shall be conducted forthwith.”

3. Article 3 Section 2 Clause 8 shall be amended to state: “The President may nominate potential Ministers to the Senate.”

4. Article 4 Section 1 Clause 2 shall be amended to state: “Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings and may, by a procedural motion passed by a two thirds majority, discipline or expel a member for violating these rules.”

5. Article 4 Section 1 Clause 4 shall be amended to state: “The legislature shall be in session between the first day of February, April, June, August, October, and December, and the third to last day of January, March, May, July, September, and November”

6. A section entitled “Motions” shall be inserted following section 1. Subsequent sections shall be re-numbered accordingly.

7. The following clauses shall be inserted into the section “Motions:”
“1. A motion is an instrument of the legislature or of a house thereof which requires, at minimum, a majority vote to exercise authority.

2. An internal motion is a motion which affects solely, or is limited to the proceedings or role of one house.

3. A resolution is an internal motion which governs the procedures of the house and amends or repeals the same.

4. A procedural motion is an internal motion, provided by a statute or resolution, that can enact a specific effect related to a matter of procedure including discipline.

5. A confirmation motion is an internal motion exercised exclusively by the Senate, except in the case of a motion to confirm a Chancellor, which confirms a nominee for a public office, following nomination except in the cases of Presidential succession and Justice re-confirmation.

6. An external motion is a motion which enacts, amends, or repeals a statute or this document, ratifies agreements between the Union and another party, or exercises the authority of the Legislature as a whole.

7. A bill is an external motion which enacts, amends, or repeals a statute or this document, or ratifies agreements between the Union and another party.

8. A removal motion is an external motion to remove the President for reasons not criminal in nature or a Chancellor for reasons criminal in nature

8. Article 4 Section 2 Clause 5 shall be amended to state: “Confirmation motions shall be preceded by a hearing of the nominee by the Senate.”

9. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 1 shall be amended to state: “Following introduction, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the opposite house.”

10. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 2 shall be amended to state: “Upon delivery to the opposite house, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which amendments may be made. Should the opposite house be the General Assembly, a two-thirds majority shall be required to approve amendments to the bill. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved with amendments, the bill shall be returned to the house of origin. If approved without amendments, the bill shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.”

11. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 3 shall be amended to state: “Upon return to the house of origin, a bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a majority vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the President for their consideration.”

12. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 4 shall be amended to state: “Upon approval from both houses, a bill shall be presented to the President by the presiding officer of the House which finally approves the bill. If the President approves the bill they shall sign it into law. If the President does not approve the bill they shall veto the bill stating their objections. If the President has neither signed nor vetoed the bill within 5 days following its presentation, it shall become law. Should the legislative session end whilst the President is considering a bill, the bill shall be considered vetoed.”

13. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 5 shall be amended to state: “Should a Senator choose to contest a veto of the President, a vetoed bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the billand the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon the conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a four-fifths vote of approval. If approved, the bill shall be delivered to the General Assembly.”

14. Article 4 Section 4 Clause 6 shall be amended to state: “Upon delivery to the General Assembly, a vetoed bill shall be granted an appropriate debate period, during which both the bill and the President’s objections shall be reviewed. Upon conclusion of the debate period, the bill shall be subject to a two-thirds vote of approval. If approved, the veto of the President shall be considered overturned and the bill shall be law.”

15. Article 5 Clause 2 shall be amended to state: “The Supreme Court is composed of three Justices who are nominated by the President and confirmed by way of confirmation motion by the Senate. Justices shall be subject to re-confirmation by way of confirmation motions at the end of the months of April, August, and December.”

16. Article 6 Clause 4 shall be amended to state: “Upon conviction by the Supreme Court, a motion to remove a Chancellor may be introduced in the Senate. Following an appropriate debate period, the Senate shall hold a four-fifths majority vote of approval. If approved by the Senate, the motion shall be delivered to the General Assembly for consideration. Following an appropriate debate period, the General Assembly shall hold a three-fourths majority vote of approval. Upon approval from both houses, a motion to remove a Chancellor shall be in effect.”

17. Article 6 Clause 5 shall be amended to state: “Should a seat in the Office of the Chancellor become vacant, the remaining Chancellor shall nominate a replacement to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a four-fifths majority vote of the Senate. If approved by the Senate, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a three-fourths majority vote of the General Assembly, following an appropriate debate period. Upon approval from both the Senate and the General Assembly, a confirmation motion shall then be subject to a majority vote of approval by the Supreme Court, following an appropriate debate period. Following confirmation, a Chancellor shall be sworn in by the most senior Justice available.”

18. Article 7 Section 2 Clause 1 shall be amended to state: “Following introduction in the Senate, a motion to amend or repeal this document or repeal a motion to amend this document shall follow the legislative process, requiring four-fifths majority approval of the Senate and three-fourths majority approval of the General Assembly.”

19. Article 7 Section 4 Clause 1 shall be amended to state: “The administrative team exists outside the bounds of regional law and is not to be limited by the same in fulfilling their administrative duties.”
 
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A MOTION
To amend the constitution
Introduced into the Senate of the Union on the 7th of June, 2020, by Thatcher Whitehall and Glaciosia, as follows:
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BELIEVING that the process of citizenship is an important part of the fabric of a democracy,

ACKNOWLEDGING that the provisions for this process are currently lacking,

DETERMINED to ensure the Constitutionality of the current immigration process,

THE FOLLOWING AMENDMENTS ARE MADE:


Section 1: Amendments

1. In article 3 section 2 clause 3, “Chief Immigration Officer” shall be inserted between “Chief Law Enforcer and Prosecutor of Crimes” and “and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.”

2. The following shall be appended to article 3 section 2 as a new twelfth clause: “The President shall process and grant or deny applications for citizenship and diplomatic status according to the law. The President may declare any player not holding citizenship Persona Non Grata. Such declarations may be nullified by a nullification motion passed by a four-fifths majority vote by the Senate, followed by a three-fourths majority vote by the General Assembly.”

3. The following shall be appended to article 4 section 2 as a new ninth clause:
“A nullification motion is an external motion which nullifies a Persona Non Grata declaration by the President.”
 
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A MOTION
To amend the constitution
Introduced into the Senate of the Union on the 7th of June, 2020, by Thatcher Whitehall and Glaciosia, as follows:

AWARE of the classification of Justices of the Supreme Court as Primary Public Offices and thus subject to term limits;

CONSIDERING that term limits may prevent the Judiciary from effectively fulfilling their duties;

BELIEVING that it is within the best interests of the government for the Judiciary to have experienced Justices;

THE FOLLOWING AMENDMENTS ARE MADE:


Section 1: Amendments

In Article 2 Section 2 clause 4, “with the exception of Justices of the Supreme Court” shall be inserted after “No person may hold a public office in which the term lasts four months or more for more than two consecutive terms.”
 
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A Motion

To amend the Constitution

Introduced to the Senate on August 11th, 2020

Sponsored by Guess and Check




NOTING how the Constitution, in its current state, gives the court none of the powers it needs to properly function.

BELIEVING that a functional court is necessary for any form of democratic entity, such as the Union,

HEREBY AMENDS THE CONSTITUTION AS THE FOLLOWING:


Section 1: Amendments

1. The following sentence shall be appended to Article 5, Clause 1, after the first sentence: "The Court shall hold legal jurisdiction on all matters, including criminal and civil law as well as the interpretation of all legally enforceable documents."

2. The first sentence in Article 5, Clause 4, reading: "Whereas one Justice shall be assigned to oversee a case, the Supreme Court as a whole shall rule on cases." shall be removed.

3. The entirety of Article 5, Clause 5 shall be removed in its entirety.

4. The following shall be appended to Article 5 as a new fifth clause: "Whenever a Justice has a personal or political conflict with a particular case, the Justice must recuse themselves from the case. The Chief Justice may force a Justice to recuse themselves. The other Justices, in agreement with each other, may force the Chief Justice to do the same."

5. The following shall be appended to Article 5 as a new sixth clause: "The Supreme Court shall, following a case, have the power to rule a prior action of government or law as unconstitutional and annul it."

6. The following shall be appended to Article 5 as a new seventh clause: "If asked by citizens, the Supreme Court may clarify provisions in a law or in the constitution, these shall have no legal effect in themselves; but may be used as justification in legal arguments and in legal decisions."

7. The following shall be appended to Article 5 as a new eighth clause: "During a case, the overseeing Justice may issue Warrants which shall allow for the collection of private information."
 
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The Motion to Amend the Constitution
Sponsored by Guess and Check

RECOGNIZING that the Speaker is a position with duties separate from a regular Senator;

NOTING that the Constitution requires a Speaker to give all their duties to a Senate Substitute, including Speakership duties;

BELIEVING that this can slow down the Senate, as the Senate Substitute may not know how to do the job of Speaker properly;

RESOLVING that by creating the position of Deputy Speaker, this problem will be averted;

THE FOLLOWING IS ENACTED AS LAW:

Section 1: Amendments

1. A new clause shall be inserted between Article 4, Section 3, Clauses 4 and 5.

2. The new clause shall read: “Upon election, the Speaker shall appoint another member of the Senate to be Deputy Speaker. The Speaker may order the Deputy Speaker to perform any duty of the Speakership. Should the Speaker go on a period of announced inactivity, the Deputy Speaker shall take over the Speaker’s duties as Speaker, while Speaker’s Senate Substitute shall take on their duties as a Senator.”

3. All subsequent clauses shall be renumbered accordingly.
 

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Motion to Amend the Constitution
Sponsored by Isles and co-sponsored by Glaciosia and The Noble Thatcherites

BELIEVING the affairs of the Executive to be of great importance to the Union,

UNDERSTANDING the current constitutional provisions for Ministers and the Vice President to be insufficient,

THE FOLLOWING AMENDMENTS ARE MADE:

Section 1: Provisions

1. 5. In article 3, section 2, clause 4, “the President may appoint a new Vice President” shall be struck out and replaced with “the President shall nominate a potential Vice President to the Senate. After an appropriate debate period, the confirmation motion shall then be subject to a four-fifths majority vote of the Senate. Following confirmation, the potential Vice President shall be sworn in.”

2. Clauses 7 and 9 of Article 3 Section 2 shall be struck out and the other clauses renumbered accordingly.

3. Article 3 Section 2 Clause 6 shall be amended to state “If the office of the President becomes vacant, the Vice President shall succeed the President, and shall be sworn in forthwith.”

4. Three new clauses shall be inserted following Article 3 Section 3 Clause 7 (“The President may nominate potential Ministers to the Senate”), and the other clauses renumbered accordingly:

A. “During announced inactivity of the President, the Vice President shall serve as Acting President, with the powers, restrictions, and responsibilities of the Office of the President. The President may issue directives to their Vice President which shall be binding for their service as Acting President. No Acting President may appoint a Vice President nor may an Acting President vote on motions in the General Assembly.”

B. “The President may, by written directive, delegate portions of their authority to their Vice President.”

C. “The President may, by written directive, delegate portions of their authority to Ministers, who may further delegate portions of their authority to subordinates. A Minister, and the offices which derive their authority from it shall form a Ministry.”

D. “The President may not delegate their authority to sign or veto a bill, submit nominees to the senate, or dismiss their direct subordinates including the Vice President and Ministers.”

E. “The authority, directives, and instructions, of an office are subordinate to those of the office or offices from which their power was derived.”

5. Following renumbering, “written” shall be inserted between “issue” and “directives” within Article 3 Section 2 Clause 12 (“The President may issue directives as to how the law is to be executed”).
 

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Motion to Amend the Constitution
Sponsored by Die Kronprinzessin

RECOGNIZING the importance of elections;

CONCERNED that current constitutional provisions make elections abusable;

BELIEVING that simplification will correct these faults;

HEREBY enacts the following as an amendment of the Constitution:

Section 1: Amendments

1. Article 1, Clause 2 shall be amended to read as follows:
“The right of the People to vote in a confidential ballot shall not be infringed. Ballot information may not be released to any person not directly involved in the administering of elections. The government shall not infringe upon the right of citizens to run and hold office unless for reasons criminal in nature, as specified by law.”

2. Article 2, Section 2, Clause 5 shall be amended to read as follows:
“After ten days of unannounced inactivity any public office shall be considered vacant. Should an office be vacant, the office shall be filled via an election or appointment as provided for in this constitution.”

3. Article 2, Section 2 shall have following clause added to it:
“6. If an elected office becomes vacant within 14 days before the next scheduled election no special election or by-election shall be held to fill it.”

4. Article 3, Section 2, Clause 2 shall be amended to read as follows:
“The President is elected alongside their Vice President under a joint ticket, in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of February, June, and October, thereafter the President and Vice President shall be sworn in by the most senior available Justice.”

5. Article 4, Section 1, Clause 4 shall be amended to read as follows:
“The legislature shall be in session between the fixed Senate elections occurring in the months of January, March, May, July, September and November.”

6. Article 4, Section 3, Clause 2 shall be amended to read as follows:
“The Senate is composed of five Senators who are elected in a two day election that shall conclude at the end of January, March, May, July, September, and November, thereafter Senators shall be sworn in by the most senior available Justice.”

7. Article 4, Section 3, Clause 4 shall be amended to read as follows:
"The Senate shall select, from among their number, a Speaker who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the Senate result in a tie, the Speaker shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Speaker is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions."

8. Article 4, Section 4, Clause 2 shall be amended to read as follows:
"The General Assembly shall select, from among their number, a Chairperson who shall preside over and guide debate, administer votes, and break ties. Should a vote of the People’s Assembly result in a tie, the Chairperson shall cast an additional vote in favor of the status quo. The Chairperson is not forbidden from taking part in debate and voting on motions. Following the Senate election in January, May and September the Chairperson shall be selected by the General Assembly and serve for four months.”

9. Article 5, Clause 3 shall be amended to read as follows:
"Justices shall select, from among their number, a Chief Justice, who shall serve as the head of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justice shall preside over debate, oversee trials, swear in elected officials, and publish reports. The Chief Justice may delegate their authority to an Associate Justice."
 

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A MOTION

To amend the Constitution for the purposes of standardised archival in accordance with the wishes of each House in the Legislature of the Union, the President and the Sponsors and Co-Sponsors of each given Motion.
Introduced into the Senate of the Union of Democratic States on the 16 of February, 2021, by @Kron
As follows:​

RECOGNIZING that laws should be archived as passed,
CONCERNED that currently this is not done,
BELIEVING that this ought to corrected,
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly:


Section 1: Definitions and Short Title
1. This Act may be referenced as the "9th Motion to Amend the Constitution"


Section 2: Amendments
1. Article 2, Section 3 shall have the following added to it:
“2. In the process of proper documentation and archival, grammatical, spelling and formatting edits may be made to allow for standardisation, understanding, or authorial intent. These edits may not be substantial and must receive confirmation from the most senior justice available before they go into effect.”
 

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A MOTION

To Amend the Constitution
Introduced into the General Assembly of the Union of Democratic States on the 26 of February, 2021, by @We The People , and @Josephto
As follows:


RECOGNIZING flaws in the Constitution;
CONCERNED about interpretations;
BELIEVING laws should be able to be repealed and replaced in one bill;
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly:


Section 1:
This amendment may be referred to as the “Repeal and Replace Amendment of 2021”.

Section 2:
Article 4, Section 2, Clause 7 shall be amended to read:
“A bill is an external motion which enacts, amends, and/or repeals a statute or this document, or ratifies agreements between the Union and another party.”
 

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A MOTION

To amend the Constitution
Introduced into the Senate of the Union of Democratic States on the 14th of March, 2021, by Druing and Glaciosia.
As follows:


BELIEVING that the population of the Union requires a precise approach to the restrictions on mutually held Public Offices;
UNDERSTANDING that there is no fundamental difference between the various Ministers;
ENTRUSTING the process for confirmation of Ministers to exclude inappropriate conflicts of interest;
THE FOLLOWING AMENDMENTS ARE MADE :


Section 1: Amendments
1. Article 2, Section 2, Clause 3 of the Constitution shall be amended to read as follows:
“3. Primary public offices, defined as the President, Vice President, Senator, Chairperson of the General Assembly, and Justice of the Supreme Court, shall be mutually exclusive. The offices of Attorney General and Justice of the Supreme Court shall also be exclusive.”
 

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A MOTION

To repeal and replace the Constitution of the Union of Democratic States with another constitution.
Introduced into the Senate of the Union of Democratic States on the 20th of April, 2021, by @Kron
As follows:


RECOGNIZING the current constitution's faults,
CONCERNED that these are unable to be fixed by simple amendments,
BELIEVING that a new constitution is the only solution,
BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly:


Section 1: Short Title
1. This Act may be referenced as the "Motion to Repeal and Replace the Constitution"


Section 2: Provisions

1. The sixth Constitution of the Union of Democratic States, ratified on the 2nd of February 2020, is hereby repealed.

2. In the prior Constitution's place the new seventh Constitution of the Union of Democratic States, enclosed in its entirety below, shall be enacted:



Constitution of the Union of Democratic States

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The Citizens of Our Union, through our unequivocal Rights, responsibilities and duties
hereby proclaim, and promulgate this Constitution, for the upholdment of our Liberty
and the progression towards a society duly ordained as Just and Progressive.




Article I: The Bill of Rights

1. All citizens shall enjoy the right to freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition:
a). Freedom of speech is defined as the right to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of reprisal, infliction, censorship, or sanction from the government.​
b). Freedom of the press is defined as the right to use media to print, or otherwise disseminate, speech, ideas and opinions without fear of persecution from the government.​
c). Freedom to petition is defined as the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisals.​
d). Freedom of assembly is defined as the right or ability of the people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their ideas without fear of persecution from the government.​

2. No resident shall be blocked from the process of applying for citizenship unless they have been declared Persona Non Grata, banned via a court case, or applied during election season.

3. All citizens shall enjoy the right to a fair and speedy trial for crimes alleged against them. No citizen shall be subject to trial more than once for the same crime except when new and compelling evidence is discovered. No citizen may be withheld evidence in favor of their case. No citizen shall be held guilty for an act which did not constitute a criminal offense at the time it was committed.

4. No citizen shall be denied the right to a secret and confidential vote.

5. No resident shall face discrimination nor special treatment from the government.

6. Citizens have additional rights not specifically enumerated in the constitution, which may not be denied, withheld, nor violated by the government. These may be established through judicial procedures or in law.




Article II: The Senate

1. The legislative power of the government shall be vested in the Senate, the Legislative Branch, which shall be composed of Senators elected by citizens every two months.

2. Senators shall be elected via a proportional system as detailed by law; Senate Elections shall occur on the first day of every February, April, June, August, October, and December.
a). A by-election shall be held if a Senate seat becomes vacant during a term, unless a Senate Election occurs within ten days. The replacement Senator shall serve until the next Senate Election.​
b). Five days before a Senate Election and during said election, the Senate shall be unable to pass laws.​

3. The number of Senate seats at every election shall be calculated via the mean number of voters in the last three Senate Elections divided by four and rounded up.
a). This results in one Senate seat for every four voters.​

4. During a term citizens may petition to recall serving Senators, in order to do so eight signatures of citizens must be collected and presented to the Electoral Commission; this may only occur once ten days have passed since the last Senate Election. Following this, a by-election shall be held in which the serving Senator shall be automatically on the ballot.

5. Following a Senate Election, the Senate shall select from their ranks a Speaker of the Senate who shall guide debate, administer the Senate’s internal workings, and oversee Senate votes. If the office of the Speaker becomes vacant during a term, a new Speaker shall be selected for the term.
a). The Speaker shall appoint a Deputy to act in their place when the Speaker is unable to act; as interim Speaker in the event that the office of Speaker becomes vacant; and as an aid to the Speaker in the general proceedings of the Senate.​

6. During the passage of all items, and in a manner pursuant to the Senate’s internal regulations and relevant law, debate shall occur; during debate, and unless otherwise specified, amendments may be proposed to legislation, motions and resolutions. Following the conclusion of debate Senators shall vote and if a tie occurs, the vote on item will have failed.
a). Interregional agreements may not be substantively amended in the Senate; laws may specify whether other items may be amended in the senate.​

7. As the legislative branch of government, all laws and legislation must originate from the Senate and be duly passed by them before Presidential promulgation or veto. Laws may be drafted and proposed by any citizen.

8. Within fourteen days of a law’s introduction to the Senate, it may be challenged via a Writ of Challenge signed by four citizens. Following passage in the Senate, a referendum shall be held if four signatures are collected - a successful referendum will repeal the law.

9. The Senate may pass motions. These do not require Presidential promulgation, and may not be vetoed; these do not hold the same legal power as laws, but some may be deemed as legally enforceable. Examples of motions the Senate may pass include:
a). Standing Orders; in which internal rules and procedures are established.​
b). Committee Establishments and Dissolutions: in which a formal body consisting of Senators and appointed citizens is created or dissolved.​
c). A Summon; in which the summoned individual shall answer questions before the Senate.​
d). This list is non-exhaustive and may be expanded upon via law or motions.​

10. The Senate may hold votes of no confidence against the Vice President, Cabinet Ministers, Justices, the World Assembly Delegate, the Speaker, the Chief Commissioner and the Deputy Commissioner; successful votes of no confidence result in removal from office and votes of no confidence may be held for:
a). Over 10 days of inactivity.​
b). Criminal conviction.​
c). Other reasons established by law.​

11. The Senate shall hold confirmation votes on the World Assembly Delegate, Justices, Cabinet Ministers, and unelected Vice Presidents. Confirmation votes shall fail if they do not reach the required amount of votes. Failed confirmation votes result in the relevant official being removed or not appointed to office.
a). World Assembly Delegate confirmation votes shall occur on the first day of every March and September.​

12. The Senate holds the power to veto Executive Orders via a majority; similar powers exist in regards to any form of delegated or secondary legislation.

13. The Senate may overturn vetoes from the President with a three-quarters supermajority.

14. The Senate shall be the sole successor to the previous legislative entities of the Union of Democratic States.
a). All references to legislative entities in prior legislation shall be considered to reference the Senate.​





Article III: The President

1. As Head of State, Head of Government, and as leader of the Executive Branch, the President executes the law on behalf of the people. In this, the President acts as Chief Diplomat, Chief Law Enforcer and Prosecutor, Chief Immigration Officer, Commander in Chief, and Chair of the Cabinet.

2. The President shall be elected every three months. Presidential Elections shall occur on the first day of January, April, July, and October. Elections shall be carried out in accordance with regional law.

3. The President shall be elected alongside their Vice President, who shall act as a deputy and aid to the President. The Vice President shall act in their place when the President is unable to act, and as acting President in the event that the office of President becomes vacant.
a). Should the office of the Vice President become vacant, the President shall nominate a replacement to the Senate for a confirmation vote.​
b). Laws may be passed that create a line of succession past the Vice President.​

4. During the term of the President, citizens may petition to recall the President, provided that their petition has at least eight signatories. After such a petition is presented to the Electoral Committee a by-election for the office shall be held in which the incumbent President shall automatically be on the ballot. Such petitions must only be submitted thirty days after the President assumes office.

5. The President shall appoint a Cabinet of Ministers which shall carry out the day-to-day Executive governance of the region including the regulation of foreign affairs, domestic affairs, cultural affairs, and some legal matters. The President or Vice President may be a Minister.
a). The President shall hold the right to regulate the Cabinet as they see fit.​
b). Ministries may be established by law or by the President. Ministries will not automatically cease to exist following vacancy in the office of the President.​
c). An appointed Minister must pass a confirmation vote by the Senate to assume office.​

6. The President shall hold a variety of powers which may be delegated to their Cabinet Ministers or the Vice President. These powers include:
a). Executive Orders; directions for the implementation of laws and regulations for the business of executive governance.​
b). Persona Non Grata Declarations; which shall censure non-citizens and prohibit their entry into the region..​
c). Accepting, denying and processing citizenship applications.​
d). These powers may be expanded upon via law.​
e). These powers may be further delegated by Cabinet Ministers to their subordinates; delegated powers are inferior to their source.​

7. The office of the Attorney General shall exist as a Minister within the Cabinet, conforming to the same rules. The Attorney General shall advise the Cabinet and President on legal matters; represent the Executive government in legal proceedings; prosecute those who have broken the law; guide registered lawyers in the region; and register lawyers.

8. Following the passage of a law in the Senate, the President has five days to either promulgate the law and make it legally binding or veto it. Before promulgation or a veto, the President may consult the Attorney General for legal advice regarding the law and its impacts.
a). Unless it is vetoed, a law automatically becomes promulgated after five days.​
b). The Senate may overturn a veto with a three-quarters supermajority.​

9. The President shall help draft interregional agreements. Only the President may propose interregional agreements to the Senate. Interregional agreements shall count as legislation, but may not be substantively amended once introduced to the Senate.

10. If the World Assembly Delegacy is vacant, the President shall appoint a replacement Delegate. An appointee must pass a confirmation vote by the Senate to assume office.
a). The World Assembly Delegate shall represent the region in the World Assembly and shall not be considered a part of the Executive Branch.​
b). Following appointment and confirmation vote, World Assembly Delegate confirmation votes shall occur on the first day of every March and September.​




Article IV: The Supreme Court

1. The judicial power of the government shall be vested in the Supreme Court, which shall be composed of a Chief Justice, who leads the Supreme Court, and up to four Associate Justices. Together, they form the Judicial Branch.

2. If the office of the Chief Justice is vacant, a Judicial Election shall be held, according to an electoral system established by law. The prior Chief Justice may not run in a Judicial Election.

3. Following a Judicial Election, the Chief Justice Elect shall undergo confirmation vote in the Senate. If the vote fails, a new Judicial Election shall be held.
a). The Chief Justice Elect may not run for reelection in this new Election if they lose the confirmation vote.​

4. Following their confirmation vote, the Chief Justice shall appoint an Associate Justice as Deputy Chief Justice, who shall act as Chief Justice when the Chief Justice is unable to and as interim Chief Justice during a Judicial Election.

5. Whenever a vacancy occurs for Associate Justices, the Chief Justice may appoint an Associate Justice. Said Justice must pass a confirmation vote in the Senate before assuming office.
a). The Chief Justice shall be required to appoint a new Associate Justice if there is only one or no Associate Justices serving.​

6. The Senate shall hold confirmation votes on all serving Justices, including the Chief Justice, on the first day of March and September. This results in continuous six month terms until removal from office or resignation.

7. Whenever a justice has a personal or political conflict of interest with a particular court case they shall be required to recuse themselves. The Chief Justice may force an Associate Justice to recuse themselves, and the Deputy Chief Justice may force the Chief Justice to do the same.

8. The Supreme Court holds legal jurisdiction on all matters, including criminal and civil law, as well as the interpretation of all legally enforceable documents.

9. The Supreme Court shall, following a court case, have the power to rule a prior action of government, executive order, or law as unconstitutional and annul it.

10. If asked by citizens, the Supreme Court may clarify provisions in a law or in the constitution. These clarifications shall have no legal effect in themselves but may be used as justification in legal arguments and in legal decisions.

11. During a court case, Presiding Justices may issue Warrants which shall allow for the collection of private information.




Article V: The Electoral Commission

1. The Electoral Commission, composed of Electoral Commissioners, shall monitor and administer all elections and referendums in the region.

2. The Commission shall be composed of three Commissioners: the Chief Commissioner, the Chief Justice, and the Deputy Commissioner.
a). The Chief Commissioner is appointed by the President and shall be confirmed by the Senate; and they, in agreement with the Chief Justice, shall appoint a Deputy Commissioner.​
b). In extraordinary circumstances, any other justice may serve on the Commission.​
3. The Chief Commissioner may not run for an election unless they recuse themselves from the Election Commission and delegate their authority to their Deputy during that election. In such cases the Deputy Commissioner may not run in that election.

4. During a Judicial Election, the prior Chief Justice shall continue to serve on the Commission.

5. If no election or referendum regulations have been established in law, the Electoral Commission shall create election or referendum regulations. All election and referendum regulations, established in law or by the Commission, shall be publicly available and have the force of law.
a). The Electoral Commission’s rule and regulations are subordinate to any passed law.​

6. The Electoral Commission shall be responsible for all aspects of setting up and running elections and referendums, including:
a). The counting of votes.​
b). The distribution of candidacy and voting forms.​
c). The investigation of electoral fraud.​
d). The maintenance of an election calendar open for viewing.​

7. Following the conclusion of an election or referendum, the Electoral Commission shall release a detailed report on the results of the election or referendum. This report shall, among other things, include:
a). The total number of voters, as long as this respects each voter’s privacy.​
b). The percentages and votes won by each candidate.​
c). The placements of each candidate.​
d). The results of any runoffs that occurred.​
e). The results of any ties that occurred.​




Article VI: Amendments and Provisions

1. Amendments to this constitution must be passed by a three-quarters supermajority in the Senate as well as a referendum.
a). In order to repeal this constitution these requirements must also be met.​

2. This constitution is the supreme legal entity, no action or document may contravene it.

3. This constitution shall come into effect when it has been approved by the emendation procedure of the prior constitution.

4. With the permission of the Chief Justice and during the maintenance of archives, archivists may make minor grammatical, spelling, or format changes to a law or similar if said edits do not impact legal meaning.

5. No one citizen may simultaneously occupy a position in all three branches of government.

6. The President, Chief Justice, and Speaker of the Senate may only serve in their respective branches, as ambassadors to other regions, or as staff within Ministries.
a). Justices may not serve in the Senate.​
b). Justices may not serve as the Attorney General.​

7. All institutions established within this constitution shall be self-regulating; but laws may expand upon their powers or place reasonable limits on their actions.

8. Unless otherwise specified in law or in a motion, all votes and referendums require a simple majority to pass; these are defined as more than half of the total votes or ballots cast.

9. Apart from simple majorities, some votes or referendums shall require a supermajority to pass; these are defined as a majority of votes equal to or exceeding a specified fraction greater than one-half.



 
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